But a new dialogue may be in the wind. On February 15, Navajo Nation President Ben Shelly spoke fresh words at the opening of an impressive justice center in Tuba City: “We’re ready to have a federal court. We’re ready for a federal judge here.” Federal judges in native America handling federal cases would help. Sure, new statutes would require enactment. Empaneling juries would present challenges. But until Indian nations acquire full criminal jurisdiction for offenses occurring within their boundaries, improved justice for native victims will require expanded federal efforts.